ts legal metrology

Legal Metrology: Concepts and Laws in Their Entirety

Measurement is the subject of metrology. Depending on Laws and Regulations, it refers to units and techniques for Weighment and Measurement. As a result of enactment of the Standards of Weight and Measurement (Enforcement) Act, 1985 and the Standards of Weight and Measurement (Enforcement) Act, 1976, there has been a uniform norm for Weights and Measures.

As science and technology progressed, weights and measures improved. Consequently, to normalise weights and measures for commercial purposes and for trading business and stay abreast of science and innovation, a law was passed in 2009, repealing the Standards of Weight and Measurement Act, 1976 and the Standards of Weight and Measurement (Enforcement) Act, 1985.

It was also enacted the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011 (“PC Rules”), which stated the fundamentals and mandates of standards maintaining required declarations on packaged goods, registration of producers, traders, and packaging, provisions for wholesalers and retailers, the power of the government to inspect the premises, punishments, etc. To ensure that the law stays up to date with technological changes, it is revised and amended every now and then.

What is The Legal Metrology Act, 2009?

Legislation such as the ts legal metrology act, 2009 (LM Act) was enacted to regulate the uniformity of weights and measures, as well as trade and commerce relating to weights, measures, and goods to be sold and distributed. Prior to manufacturing, selling, or distributing a product, any producer or trader who needs to weigh and measure their product is required to obtain approval from the authorities.

How does The Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011 work?

Known as the PC Rules, the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011, regulate the packaging and labeling of goods and other commodities. In Chapter II of the Rules, provisions are established for packages that are intended for retail use, also referred to as “Retail Sale”. Retail Sale means the selling, distributing, and delivering of goods and commodities through Retail Sale Shops, Agencies, etc., for consumption by consumers.

On 28th March 2022, the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, also known as the MoCAFPD, issued The Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2022, amending The Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011, which will be implemented on 1st October 2022.

How does the Indian Institute of Legal Metrology work?

IILM, also known as the Indian Institute of Legal Metrology, is established under Section 21 for the purpose of providing knowledge in the area of LM Laws or any related field. According to the Standards of Weights and Measures Act, 1976, this Institute was established by the Government of India. Legal Metrology is the field of study at this institute, which also imparts training to foreign officials of around 32 different countries.

How does the Constitution deal with legal metrology?

According to the Constitution of India, Entry 33A of the Concurrent List ensures the enforcement of legal metrology. According to entry 50 of the Union List, LM laws are governed by Acts, Rules, Standard Specifications, and International Relations.

How does the Legal Metrology Act, of 2009 regulate the basic requirements?

In accordance with the International System of Units, all weights and measurements must be set in metric units.

Standard Units are defined in the Legal Metrology Act, 2009.

According to the Act, the Standard Units of Weights and Measures are the base units.

In terms of weights and measurements, what is specified?

The standard weights and measurements established in accordance with the Act are to be used for any transactions, deals, or contracts with any goods, services, classes of goods, or undertakings.


Weighs and measurements and their instruments are governed by the LM Laws. As well as providing consumer protection, LM provides basic safety for the public, the environment, traders, or anyone involved in this field. Throughout India, this subject of law is very strict regarding fair trade.

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