Statements on Auditing Standards – Introduction

In addition to improving the standards of professional accountants, auditing, reviews, quality control, and associated service standards aim to raise public confidence in financial reporting.

SAS applies to any independent financial data review conducted by a firm, regardless of its size or legal status, and regardless of whether it intends to earn a profit. The SAs are all connected, so their applications must be submitted together. The scheme is similar to that used by the IAASB. A number of engagement and quality control standards have been published by the Auditing and Assurance Standards Board of the ICAI.

  • To ensure the quality of their work, audits, reviews of historical financial statements, and other assurance and related services use SQC. According to SQC, the company must establish a system of quality control that will give it a reasonable level of assurance that the company and its employees adhere to professional standards, statutory and regulatory requirements, and that any reports produced by the firm or its engagement partners are relevant to the situation. SQC improves audit quality as a result

  • A standard on auditing (SA) is available for auditing historical financial data. Independent audits must meet these requirements

  • SREs are used to analyze historical financial information about jobs.

  • Assurance engagements other than audits and reviews are covered by Standards on Assurance Engagements (SAEs).

  • Data, compilation, and other services engagements must adhere to the Standards on Related Services (SRSs).

Standards on Auditing – Main Components

International auditing standards (ISAs) are the foundation of IICPA’s International Standards on Auditing (SAs). These standards were published with permission from the ICAI council. Auditors must comply with certain auditing standards under section 143(2) of the Companies Act of 2013.

The following are a few guiding principles of fundamental auditing standards:

Risk-based auditing

ICAI guidelines require auditors to conduct Risk Based Audits, which ensure there are no serious errors in financial statements.

During risk-based auditing, the following steps are involved: assessing the likelihood that the financial statements contain major misstatements, developing and implementing additional audit procedures to address the identified risks, and reducing the likelihood of major misstatements in financial statements to a tolerably low level based on audit evidence gathered, as well as publishing an appropriate audit report.

The following rebuttable risks of material misrepresentation must be considered by auditors:

  1. Recognizing revenue fraudulently is possible

  2. Risks related to management take precedence over controls

A scalable process

The ICAI auditing guidelines must be followed by entities. In accordance with the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC), “high-quality auditing standards list should be applied to financial statements of all companies of all sizes, and these standards can be implemented.” Smaller, less complex organizations are increasingly subject to separate auditing standardsditing standards.

In addition, ISA 315 and ISA 540 provide guidelines for auditing smaller and less complex organizations.

Professional Skepticism

According to SA 200, “Overall Objectives of the Independent Auditor and Conduct of an Audit by Standards on Auditing,” professional skepticism is defined as questioning attitude, alertness to potential errors, and critical evaluation of audit evidence. Furthermore, SA 240, SA 300 and SA 240 emphasize skepticism as part of auditing.

Aspects of materiality

In auditing standards, the term “materiality” is used. When users make economic decisions based on financial statements, the absence or misstatement of information is material. Size and unique characteristics determine a company’s materiality. Professional judgment is required to determine materiality.

Evidence of an audit

In the auditing standards, comprehensive instructions are provided for obtaining sufficient and appropriate audit evidence. We offer advice on sampling, connected parties, inventory verification by physical observation, accounting estimates, and external confirmation as part of our service.

According to auditing standards (SA 560), a subsequent event must be assessed and verified. These two ideas/standards are even more essential than ever according to clause (xix). Make sure to emphasize the importance of well-crafted management representation letters (SA 580). While audit representation letters are not a substitute for stronger audit evidence, they might be the auditor’s only option under certain circumstances, such as when there is an off-balance sheet item or contingent liability.

Providing documentation

This document describes the audit process (including the preparation phase), the evidence gathered, and the conclusions reached. “Audit documentation” is sometimes used interchangeably with “working papers.” SA 230 “Audit Documentation” offers specific and general recommendations, but most auditing standards require specific documents. A number of documents must be on hand for auditors to be audited more closely by regulators.


Auditors may have difficulty meeting auditing requirements when auditing smaller, less complex businesses. Auditor Implementation Guides are available from ICAI to help them apply these standards. Numerous instances of noncompliance with these audit requirements have been found by the Quality Review Board. Regulations are more vigilant due to an increase in fraud cases, and chartered accountants are accused of neglecting their duties. Consequently, chartered accountants are being sued, which affects their credibility. The auditor must comply with auditing standards, authoritative pronouncements, and provide sufficient documentation to support the audit conclusion.

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