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What are the Scheduled Caste laws?

You can learn about the disadvantages of a few castes and tribes, such as Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), and Other Backward Classes (OBC), from the country’s history of class and caste. They have been labeled the “backward class” for a long time due to their lack of basic rights, social and economic disadvantage in comparison to other classes, and other factors.

However, in order to assist the backward classes in regaining their place in Indian society, the Indian government has enacted reservation laws. They have a better chance, for instance, of getting seats in educational institutions and government jobs and promotions. However, a person from either of the backward classes must present their caste certificate to take advantage of these laws; They will not receive the same benefits if this is not done. To fully benefit from government grants, you will need an SC caste certificate if you are a member of the Scheduled Caste.

When applying for an SC caste certificate, you no longer have to wait in a long line outside the office of your local Tahsildar. You can now do everything online, including apply for an SC certificate and download and print it. Let’s now take a look at some of the laws that the government enforces regarding the Scheduled Caste and the purpose of a caste certificate.

What communities are included in the Scheduled Castes?

In 1935, the Indian Constitution used the term “Scheduled Caste” for the first time. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up about 16.6% and 8.6%, respectively, of India’s population. In the Scheduled Castes Order that was issued by the Government of India in August 1950, the members of the community are referred to as “Scheduled Castes.” The President of India is the only person who can declare a caste to be a Scheduled Caste. A parliamentary reform act is required to make any changes to the list once it has been established.

What government regulations govern the Scheduled Caste?

The Indian Parliament passed the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, to stop people from Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes from being treated unfairly. This law is commonly referred to as the SC/ST Act, POA, Atrocities Prevention Act, or simply the Atrocities Act. It was determined that the existing laws—such as the Indian Penal Code and the Protection of Civil Rights Act of 1955—were insufficient to deal with these crimes, which the Act refers to as “atrocities.” In response to the persistent violations against Scheduled Castes and Tribes, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act was enacted in 1989.On September 11, 1989, the Indian Parliament made a number of changes to the Act, which were announced on January 30, 1990.In 2015, the Act underwent a comprehensive revision, and on January 26, 2016, a notification was issued. The Act’s rules were announced on March 31, 1995, and the new and revised ones were announced on April 14, 2016.

What is a Caste Certificate Used For?

The purpose of issuing caste/tribe certificates is to make it easier for legitimate candidates from Scheduled Castes and Tribes to gain access to the reserved positions, services, educational institutions, and other opportunities provided by the State/Central Government for them. With a fixed percentage of seats remaining for all SC students, students with an SC certificate can get into schools and colleges.

Different Ways to Apply for an SC Caste Certificate 

There are two ways to apply for an SC certificate: online and in person. You must register for a caste certificate on the Backward Class Welfare Department Portal of your state in order to apply online. Fill out the required information when the application form opens, upload scanned copies of all required documents, and then submit your form.

The offline application procedure is also similar, but you must obtain the application form from the Revenue Office or the Tahsildar’s office in your taluk. Request a form for a caste certificate, complete it, and send it to the officer in charge along with copies of the necessary documents.

Benefits Given by the Government to Protect SC Citizens If you identify as SC, the government will issue you with a SC caste certificate.


The following are some additional advantages you will receive if you apply for an SC caste certificate:

* A SC caste certificate can be used to get reserved seats in schools and colleges, according to government regulations. 

* Candidates with SC certificates have reserved seats in competitive exams and scholarships. They are also given preference for government and private employment, and they can get subsidies from the government.

* SC category candidates can take advantage of housing and self-employment schemes. People with SC certificates get housing sites. 

* They can also apply for land grants from the Indian government. Candidates with SC certificates can run for office.

Income Tax Exemption :  Scheduled Tribes in India 

There are a variety of tax exemption categories in India based on income. Exempt income includes income from agriculture, pensions, allowances, and other sources. Another choice is to take a tax deduction at the source.

A tax exemption is the monetary exclusion that reduces taxable income. You might only pay taxes on some or all of your income, or you might get relief from all taxes or lower rates. Therefore, tax exemption is not the absence of taxation in particular circumstances but rather a legal exception to a general rule. In order to encourage specific economic activities, tax breaks are made available.


One of the most important documents we require these days is a caste certificate, whether it is for OBC, SC, or ST. Be sure to organize all of the documents first before starting the application.

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